Mingguan Purification Materials (Zhejiang) Co., Ltd.
Mingguan Purification Materials (Zhejiang) Co., Ltd.

Industrial Filter Fabric: Facts about Synthetic Fibers and Material Properties

Industrial filter fabric fiber knowledge

Industrial filter fabric is a filtering medium woven from natural or synthetic fibers, including metal mesh or filter screen.

Polypropylene fiber series material properties: acid and alkali resistance, good wear resistance, good conductivity, slightly better recovery than polyester, poor corrosion resistance.

Heat resistance: slight shrinkage at 90℃;

Elongation at break (%): 18-35;

Tensile strength (g/d): 4.5-9;

Softening point (℃): 140-160;

Melting point (℃): 165-173;

Relative density: 0.91.

Filter fabric classification: polypropylene short fiber filter fabric, polypropylene filament filter fabric, polypropylene monofilament filter fabric.

Filtering performance: Polypropylene short fibers have short fibers and the spun yarns are hairy; polypropylene long fibers have long fibers and smooth spun yarns, so industrial fabrics woven from polypropylene short fibers have hairy surfaces and are better for powder and pressure filtration than long fibers.

Polypropylene long fiber woven industrial fabric has a smooth surface and good air permeability. It is mainly used for solid-liquid separation equipment such as plate and frame filter presses, vacuum suction filters, belt filters, page filters, and centrifugal filters in many industries such as chemical industry, fertilizer, building materials, sugar making, nonferrous metal smelting, and sewage treatment.

When the air thermal conductivity coefficient is 1, the thermal conductivity coefficients of various fibers are as follows: Polypropylene filter fabric-Vinylon-silk-polyester-wool-acrylonitrile-nylon-viscose cotton. In addition, when cutting, the edges should be left wider and coded to avoid yarn slip and "pilling" phenomenon.

Material properties of industrial filter fabric

Filter fabric can be divided into polyester, polypropylene, nylon, Vinylon, cotton, new high-efficiency materials and other filter fabrics according to their material properties.

According to the weaving method, it can be divided into two types.

Woven fabric: including polyester, polypropylene, nylon, Vinylon, cotton, etc. There are several weaving methods for fabric patterns, including plain weave, twill weave, satin weave, double-layer weave, etc.

Non-woven fabric: including non-woven fabric, geotextile, filter felt, etc. The methods include spunbonding, needle punching, and hydroentanglement.

The silk material of filter fabric is also divided into three types: monofilament, long fiber compound silk, and short fiber. (Among them, the short fiber series of polyester also includes large fibers and small fibers).

Filter fabric can be divided into several types of primary, medium, and high efficiency non-woven fabrics, mainly made of polyester and polypropylene materials. They are made of polyester and polypropylene raw materials, and are made into fabrics by needle punching, combing, and weaving the sandwich layer in the center of the cloth. After double-combing and air-flow forming a net, they are compounded into cloth by needling, and then heat-set, burnt, and chemically treated on the surface with oil agent to make the surface of the filter fabric smooth, with uniform micro-pores, and good density from the surface, with smooth surfaces on both sides and good air permeability.